[“The Book I’ve Been Avoiding Writing” (a.k.a. “Three Years of Writing and 40+ Years of Thinking About The Lion’s Gate“) is a mini-series about the writing of my new book, The Lion’s Gate. Thanks for tuning in as it runs Mondays and Fridays over the next few weeks.]

Continuing my interview with Giora Romm, the Israel Air Force’s first fighter ace. As we’re talking, Giora mentions the phrase “MiG killer.” My ears immediately perk up.

But we are in the middle of talking about something else, so the subject is momentarily shelved. Giora continues with his train of thought, describing his initial experience of combat, as a 22-year-old lieutenant attacking the Egyptian air base at Abu Suweir on the morning of 5 June 1967. (Giora’s plane is #2 in a two-aircraft formation. #1 is flown by a senior pilot, Eitan Karmi.)

Giora Romm's logbook from the Six Day War. At the left edge of the page in Days One and Three the numeral "21" means "MiG 21," two downed on the first day, one on the third. "17" on Day Five means two MiG-17s shot down that day.

Descending through 10,000 feet, we can see the mess that the first wave of Israeli planes has made of the place. Columns of black smoke rise from all over the delta. Everywhere buildings and airplanes are blazing. I say to myself, Boy, our guys really did it.

Abu Suweir has a unique characteristic. The planes are parked in “eights,” meaning circular driveways, one adjacent to the other, to form what looks like a numeral 8. We start to descend, Karmi and I, and suddenly there is a MiG-21 taxiing. I have never seen this before. I go after him the way a child reaches out for a toy. I’m on his tail when Karmi, my leader, who is closing from 90 degrees, says don’t touch him. What? Okay. I follow orders.

Karmi goes in and shoots the MiG. He gets the kill.

My kill.

I have only moments to feel the sickening feeling in my belly and then [the next wave of Israeli warplanes] appears [overhead]; they are attacking Abu Suweir and right behind them are two Egyptian MiG-21s.

MiGs are Soviet-built fighters. They fought Americans in Korea, Vietnam, and the Gulf War. The MiG-21 was state of the art in 1967, a Mach 2 fighter-interceptor, the best the Russians had. The word MiG comes from the names of the Soviets’ two top aircraft designers, Mikoyan and Gurevich. That’s what the “M” and the “G” are capitalized and the “i” is lower-case.

I go to full afterburner and in seconds I am behind the first MiG. I fire a burst and nothing happens, the only time this has ever happened to me. I don’t panic. I say to myself, Go closer. A hundred and sixty meters. On the gunsight, there is a circle we call it the diamond. When a MiG-21’s wingspan fits in that circle, the range is exactly 160 meters. I fire a short burst, a third of a second, and he immediately blows. I break fast, look back, the plane is a ball of flame. Now I see a second MiG. I line him up in my gunsights and put a burst into him. He explodes too.

At once everything has become very simple.

I say to myself, This is my role. This is what I was sent here to do. I am not concerned with the outcome of the war. I have just shot down two MiGs!

As I’m passing over the second MiG, I spot a third one, running west away from me. I’m thinking, Should I shoot him down too? Hello! You are Giora Romm, 22 years old, who was in the Boy Scouts only months ago. Don’t be such a greedy pilot!

Three years after this, Giora was shot down over Egypt, imprisoned and tortured, and held in solitary confinement for ninety days before being released in a prisoner swap. He wrote a book titled Solitary about that experience and the mental and emotional struggle to recover and return to full capacity in the aftermath.

Today he is a retired general, chief of Israel’s civil aviation administration. He lives with his wife Miriam (who was in combat in Sinai as a coder/decoder while Giora was flying the mission to Abu Suweir) in Savyon, a suburb of Tel Aviv.

Then finally to the subject: MiG killers.

In any fighter squadron, there are two kinds of pilots. One kind—and every flier in the squadron, and even the ground crews, knows exactly who this is—can be a great pilot, technically flawless, brave, resourceful and so on. But he will fly around all day in a sky full of MiGs and never shoot one down. Then there is another type of pilot. This type is a MiG killer.

I ask Giora if he was a MiG killer.


“What’s the difference? Why is someone not a MiG killer?”

I think they are missing a gene. I’m not being facetious. Nor am I offering a judgment. This is something that cannot be taught. No flight school in the world can inculcate this quality. You either have it or you don’t.

Of course I am thinking about the metaphor. Steve Jobs was a MiG killer. Bruce Springsteen is a MiG killer. J.K. Rowling is a MiG killer. I myself, writing The Lion’s Gate, have got to be a MiG killer.

I ask Giora how this quality shows itself.

Say you are assigned to fly a combat patrol along the border. Some pilots will fly ten kilometers back from the line. They’ll take a defensive posture. Others will crowd right up to the last centimeter. If they see the slightest flash, they cross the border and nothing will stop them.

I was in a three-ship formation with two pilots who were far, far my seniors on the third day of the ’67 war. We were at 10,000 feet over the Sinai desert. Suddenly I saw a glint, way below.

“Visual contact. Follow me!” And I dove, full afterburner.

What was I doing? I had no right to bolt from the formation, and certainly not to shout instructions to pilots who were ten years senior to me. But that is what it takes. I never thought twice and never looked back.


Steve shows you the predictable Resistance points that every writer hits in a work-in-progress and then shows you how to deal with each one of these sticking points. This book shows you how to keep going with your work.

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A short book about the writing of a first novel: for Steve, The Legend of Bagger Vance. Having failed with three earlier attempts at novels, here's how Steve finally succeeded.



Steve shares his "lessons learned" from the trenches of the five different writing careers—advertising, screenwriting, fiction, nonfiction, and self-help. This is tradecraft. An MFA in Writing in 197 pages.



Amateurs have amateur habits. Pros have pro habits. When we turn pro, we give up the comfortable life but we find our power. Steve answers the question, "How do we overcome Resistance?"



  1. Mary Doyle on June 16, 2014 at 5:43 am

    I beg to differ Steve – you were a MiG killer long before writing The Lion’s Gate. The War of Art was written by a MiG killer.

  2. Robert Farrell on June 16, 2014 at 6:09 am

    I’m not sure if I’m an MiG killer, but I’m going to keep writing until or unless I find out otherwise…and even then.

  3. Brian on June 16, 2014 at 6:39 am

    I love this analogy. I love that for Giora, it is not an analogy but a biography. Frequently the world is compartmentalized into, “There are two types of people…leader/follower, owner/employee, athlete/spectator, now we have MiG Killer/pilot.

    I’ve always used sports analogies, “Do you want the ball with 20 seconds left in the game?” Would you prefer to win or lose because of your actions?

    Years ago I helped Soldiers in ROTC, enter OCS, and complete Direct Commission packets. I asked them why they wanted to be an officer. I came to believe that the quality I was looking for is an over-grown sense of responsibility with a propensity for action. When you’re walking through the mall, and some punks are acting up–who sets them straight? When there is an accident on the highway, do you pull over to assist? When action is needed–do you take it, to stand by idly is the greatest act of self-betrayal?

    A propensity for action and an over developed sense of responsibility. That is what I think Giora was describing.

    I finished the Lion’s Gate, it is now making the rounds among my tribe. More Pressfield readers/learners in the making. More MiG killers to find a home.

  4. JM on June 16, 2014 at 8:41 am

    I agree with Giora. You either are, or you aren’t–and it can’t be taught.

    As an entrepreneur, I find myself taking “risks” that to me don’t seem the slight bit risky. I don’t even know, or acknowledge that they are–until an outsider mentions it to me.

    As a screenwriter, it never occurs to me to NOT do something because it hasn’t been done before. Sometimes people don’t get it (yet, many times they do). I am not put off when they don’t–it pushes me to rewrite (or resubmit, whatever the case may be), to explain myself as well as my concept further, and to become more concise with my words.

    We never arrive; we just sharpen the pencil. We just are.

  5. Stacy on June 16, 2014 at 12:42 pm

    I agree with Giora, too, BUT it can be a latent gene.

  6. Erika Viktor on June 16, 2014 at 1:34 pm

    Is being a MiG killer genetically linked to missing pinkie toe nails and always craving saltine crackers? If so, I’m in!

  7. Sean on June 16, 2014 at 3:15 pm

    Regardless of which army one might be sympathetic to in a given war, death and destruction are not to be gloated over. I find the glee — literally the “greed” — for killing in this and recent posts to be quite revolting. The War of Art described warriors as much more respectful and reverent than this. Though a battle may be necessary, and though all war is brutal, to celebrate and glorify the necessary killing is pretty shameful. No Spartan would deny his enemy respect like that.

    • Maureen Anderson on June 17, 2014 at 8:03 am

      I for one find it fascinating to have this glimpse into the minds of some of the people who fought the Six Day War. They had a job to do. And while that’s impossible for me to relate to, I can imagine such relief at getting the job done an outsider would characterize my mood as glee.

    • Sean Crawford on June 26, 2014 at 9:54 pm

      As for glee, there is a current sf series by an Australian where a fleet from the future time-travels to help the pacific fleet in WWII. The future fleet is more like us of today, business-like and emotionless over their computers. And their bar fights are not for fun either.

      I served with soldiers in the 19790s who enjoyed bar fights as a way to let off steam. In the series a brigade crew from WWII would yell “ya!” when they got one. My point is the world is diverse.

      I honor servicemen from every place and time, gleeful and grim. It helps that I can walk in their moccasins thanks to fiction. It would be a mistake to walk only in the moccasins of a sheltered observer.

      • Sean Crawford on July 12, 2014 at 8:34 pm

        Sorry, I did a typo. I meant to write “Bridge” Crew, as in cheering to nail an enemy ship.

        My shock in reading the series was when the future guys, in a bar fight, grimly damage knees and stuff. I guess my old peers are a vanishing breed.

        THat’s sad, but at least the future has a woman of colour as an aircraft carrier captain.

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