Killing Off Characters

(Tune in to Writing Wednesdays on the next few Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays for the continuation of the series “Using Your Real Life in Fiction” — and for more of The Knowledges backstory.)

We were talking in the previous post about making the stakes of our real-life story life and death.

Michael Douglas and his Gordon Gekko suspenders in Oliver Stone's "Wall Street"

Michael Douglas and his Gordon Gekko suspenders in Oliver Stone’s “Wall Street”

Sometimes that’s hard to do.

As writers working with our real lives as material, we can be naturally reluctant, say, to kill off a character we actually know.

Our ex-husband?

Our boss?

Our mom?

I’m sure you’re ahead of me on this. I’m about to say, “Kill ’em dead.”

Whack ’em.

Knock ’em off.

Don’t hesitate for a second.

Death is always energizing for a story. If you don’t believe me, watch Game of Thrones.

But let me expand this axiom.

Don’t be afraid to put the quietus to elements other than human beings.

A marriage can die.

A dream can expire.

A way of life can end.

Death is drama, and drama is what you and I are paid for. (Okay, maybe we’re not being paid. But you know what I mean.)

We want drama. Drama keeps our readers emotionally involved. Drama pulls them through the story. Drama delivers the meat-and-potatoes ending they’re hoping for.

Drama is change.

And no change is greater than death.

“But Steve,” you’re saying, “isn’t death a bummer? Aren’t you being dark and morbid? I want my story to be uplifting! I want a happy ending!”

I agree, I agree.

But death (the demise of a character or a dramatic component) can be an upper. Why?

Because before our hero can be reborn, she has to die.

Before Luke can become a Jedi knight, the child-Luke must expire.

Before Harry and Sally can truly share a marriage, the single-Harry and the single-Sally must be left behind.

Before France can be saved, Joan must be consumed at the stake.

Here are the deaths that happen in final third of The Knowledge:

Stretch’s marriage dies

His wife takes up with his best friend

His agent Marty expires of a heart attack

His newest friend Marvin Bablik is murdered

His book crashes and burns

Yehuda Bablik kicks him out of New York

His dream of being a novelist bites the dust

In real-life only three of these demises occurred. The other four are invented.


Because these deaths either echo, parallel, or are components of the Big Death that happens to Stretch.

He dies as an amateur.

He dies as a wannabe.

He dies as an aspirant.

These deaths are good deaths.

They are doors that close so that a brighter, better door can open.

Reading the ending of The Knowledge, we don’t know for sure what will happen with Stretch. But all signs point to him getting his act together and becoming (or at least starting to become) the professional, realized writer he has always wanted to be.

At the risk of plagiarizing from Oliver Stone’s character of Gordon “Greed is Good” Gekko from the movie Wall Street, let me suggest that, handled properly by the storyteller …

Death is good.

Don’t be afraid to use it.


















Steve shows you the predictable Resistance points that every writer hits in a work-in-progress and then shows you how to deal with each one of these sticking points. This book shows you how to keep going with your work.

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A short book about the writing of a first novel: for Steve, The Legend of Bagger Vance. Having failed with three earlier attempts at novels, here's how Steve finally succeeded.



Steve shares his "lessons learned" from the trenches of the five different writing careers—advertising, screenwriting, fiction, nonfiction, and self-help. This is tradecraft. An MFA in Writing in 197 pages.



Amateurs have amateur habits. Pros have pro habits. When we turn pro, we give up the comfortable life but we find our power. Steve answers the question, "How do we overcome Resistance?"



  1. Mary Doyle on December 19, 2016 at 6:36 am

    Are we also permitted to enjoy the gratification of getting away with murder? Thanks for a great post!

  2. gwen abitz on December 19, 2016 at 6:40 am

    For me, “Death is good” when the dying of the “old person” [not chronological age]in My Real Life [not a fictional story; book, movie or otherwise] is”the dying” of the person I once thought I was.

    • Jerry Ellis on December 19, 2016 at 7:56 am

      Hey, Gwen! What a profound reply to Steve’s post! You’re taking on one of the greatest deaths of life. And know what? I bet you might already know that we can be reborn more than once, and I an NOT referring to anything religious. Spiritual? That’s another matter.

      • gwen abitz on December 19, 2016 at 8:34 am

        Jerry, Thank You. I completely understand and get what you are saying…

        • Jerry Ellis on December 19, 2016 at 10:19 am

          Hope your writing is going well!

          • gwen abitz on December 19, 2016 at 10:46 am

            Actually, Jerry I don’t think or feel myself as a writer/author type person OR that a “book” is even in the wings somewhere or anywhere. For me “what I do” is I personalize; then write and share what has resonated and hit a chord that in reality someone else has written. IOW’s I have stolen like crazy.

  3. Jerry Ellis on December 19, 2016 at 8:01 am

    WOW, Steve, today’s post was a hole in one! Your insights, put so beautifully to the points, are golden. So very many ways to die. In my new and 10th book, Last Living Love Letter, Death–in its many forms–is paramount to the narrative and the emotional payoffs. Here are the opening few lines to that novel:

    My Dearest Darling,
    If I am reading this to you, yet another miracle has happened. The first one was when I met you. If you are reading it, assuming the letter might find its long and challenging way to you, I have perished. The only good thing about dying is knowing I do so with you in my spiritual arms. I pray that as I write this you are thinking of me, feeling me deep inside your bold, loving, and gentle heart.

  4. Michael Beverly on December 19, 2016 at 11:39 am

    This is why I dig LitRPG so much.
    You can kill off a character and they come back.
    Of course, this creates the problem of death not really being a big deal, but there are ways to deal with it.
    It can be an epic like Game of Thrones except after a major battle all the characters respawn.

  5. Lee on December 19, 2016 at 12:33 pm

    I keep thinking, especially with this post, about that portion of The War of Art where you talk about Resistance trying to talk you into writing a novel about overcoming Resistance instead of The War of Art. I guess we are now seeing what that novel might have looked like. The key lesson being you did them in order.

  6. Jason on December 20, 2016 at 8:01 am

    Steve and group,

    Enjoy your series as always, and as always, take them to heart and use the lens to analyze the stories I see.

    I was watching the movie “The Judge” last night with my wife. Starring Robert Downey Jr. (a lawyer) and Robert Duvall (a judge) as prodigal son and estranged father respectively.

    The movie does a great job of using two of the principles you’ve been hammering with this new series: “Let the bodies hit the floor” and “make the internal external.”

    [not really spoiler alert]

    The story uses three deaths as catalysts. It kicks off (there’s a pun there I think) with Downey’s Mother dying which brings him back home to medium-town Indiana where he hasn’t been for 20 years. While he is home Duvall is accused of murder and a trial ensues (more external internal but that I won’t spoil).

    The scene where he and his father come to grips with their deep-buried feelings, happens in the kitchen while a tornado rages outside.

    Finally, the redemption scene takes place the only way it can: Duvall on the stand and Downey in re-direction trying to save the man he “hates.”

    For those visual learners, like me, out there I recommend a look at the film, a good supplement to the series.


  7. Graham Glover on December 20, 2016 at 8:39 pm

    This is Mr. Logic responding. Reality matters. A is A. I have been called Mr. Data [Star Trek: The Next Generation] by my wife as, let us say, less than a compliment.

    That said, for me death in this context relates to Tarot, the 13 or XIII card from the Major Arcana. The “Death” card is more about change, the ending of one part of life and the beginning of another. Sometimes it is a real death, but most times not. Regardless, it is a significant change, something we all encounter. (Tarot is not logical. I do Tarot anyway. It is the Yin to my logical Yang.)

    Accordingly, killing off characters or parts of their lives makes so much sense. If our characters are growing, they’re changing, and death in some form is inevitable.

    Of course, once in awhile it’s just nice to blast the sh*t out of someone who represents our real life nemesis. 😉

  8. Anne Milne on December 22, 2016 at 7:56 am

    I need my family to read this post. My comic is loosely (LOOSELY) based on myself and my two sisters were we ever to move in together. To begin the narrative, I had to have ’cause’ as to why the three would need/want to move in together… so I made them all widows. Two years into the series, I still get flack about that. No matter how many times I explain it was just for narrative convenience, … more flack.
    Thanks for this.

  9. Benjamin Tate on November 5, 2023 at 12:22 am

    Killing off characters in literature or film can be a powerful storytelling tool, creating moments of shock, sadness, and sometimes, even catharsis. It adds depth and emotional resonance to the narrative, making us truly invest in the story. When executed well, character deaths can be unforgettable and thought-provoking. They remind us of the impermanence of life and the unpredictable nature of fate. If you’re curious about what the cards might reveal in your own life’s journey, consider a tarot reading at to gain some insight and perspective.

  10. Teodor Hill on November 23, 2023 at 7:00 am

    The evolution of fortune telling is an amazing path from entertainment parties to modern online readings. Starting with simple tricks with pictures, fortune telling has evolved into a serious means of self-knowledge and searching for answers. Today, Tarot reading provides the opportunity to get accurate and deep answers without even leaving home, thanks to online resources.

  11. James David on November 23, 2023 at 8:53 pm

    Yes, you are absolutely right saying. Fortune tellers has gain self-understanding, and knowledge which will lead to personal power or success in some aspect of life. Tarot readers are very helpful to give you proper answers of your questions. If there is any problem happens then you need to contact with psychics reading sites that helps you in solving your issue.

  12. Martinez on December 5, 2023 at 3:38 pm

    Killing characters in a book is always a difficult and important decision for the author. I agree with the author that this decision should be motivated and serve the development of the plot. Like Tarot cards, where each card has its own meaning and influence on the reading, the murder of a character must fit into the general atmosphere of the work and carry a certain meaning. By the way, I advise you to learn more about the best online tarot reading. I believe that the use of Tarot cards can be a useful tool when developing plot and characters in literature.

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